The New 3.8% Medicare Surtax – Will It Affect You? Higher income taxpayers could have some new taxes and tax rates to contend with when they file their 2013 tax returns. Among them is the new 3.8% Medicare surtax on net investment income.
How Does the Tax Apply?
This tax will be imposed on the lesser of (1) net investment income or (2) the amount by which modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) exceeds a threshold amount: $200,000 (unmarried), $250,000 (married filing jointly), or $125,000 (married filing separately). Because the tax applies to \”the lesser of\” net investment income or the amount by which the applicable threshold is exceeded, taxpayers will want to take steps to minimize either MAGI or net investment income, or both.
What Does Net Investment Income Include?
Generally, net investment income includes all taxable income from the
following sources: interest, dividends, capital gains, nonqualified ani iuities, royalties, rents, and passive trade or business activities. Note that net investment income will include gain from the sale of a personal residence, but only to the extent the gain exceeds the amount excluded from income for regular tax purposes. The gain exclusion can be as
much as $250,000 or $500,000 for a
married couple filing jointly or a qualifying surviving spouse.
Net investment income does not iiiiclude wages, income subject to self-employment tax, or active trade or business income. It also does not include distributions from qualified retirement plans or traditional or Roth individual retirement accounts (IRAs).
How Do You Plan?
Going forward, possible planning steps for reducing exposure to the new tax include the following:
- Increasing contributions to qualified retirement plans
- Rebalancing portfolios to increase the percentage of tax-exempt bonds and non-dividend-paying growth stocks
- Transforming passive business activities into active business activities
- Deferring capital gains through the use of installment sales
- Giving income-producing properties to children in lower tax brackets (\”kiddie tax\” rules may apply)